Not so happy bunnies: research reveals tear duct inflammation risk

Rabbit breeds at most risk of developing dacryocystitis have been revealed in a study by the RVC. Lionheads, mini lops, lops and dwarf lop rabbits are the most susceptible breeds to the inflammatory condition of the tear ducts. The research – a retrospective study released to mark International Rabbit Day tomorrow (September 24) – also … Read more

First bovine respiratory disease vaccine licensed for newborn calves

MSD Animal Health has announced its BOVILIS INtranasal RSP Live vaccine is now licensed for use in calves from the day of birth onwards for active immunization against bovine respiratory disease (BRD) caused by bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) and parainfluenza virus type-three ( PI3V). BOVILIS INTRANASAL RSP Live provides an onset of immunity after … Read more

Lower airway inflammation: effects and what vets can do

The horse is physiologically adapted to be a superior athlete. Compared to other species of similar size, they have a massive aerobic capacity, large stores of energy in their muscles and the ability to increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of their blood through splenic contraction at the onset of exercise. Exercise physiologists agree that the respiratory … Read more

Ralph team uses novel technique to get Dotty on her feet again

A CT scan of Dotty’s spine before surgery. The Ralph’s neurology team has added a unique modification to a novel dorsal atlantoaxial (AA) stabilization technique to maximize the precision of screw placement. The technique has now been successfully performed on two canine patients, including a Yorkshire terrier called Dotty, who was referred to The Ralph’s … Read more

Ep 75: Canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) complex, with Emi Barker

Canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) complex, formerly known as kennel cough, is a contagious cause of acute-onset cough in dogs. To explain more, Langford Vets referral clinician Emi Barker joins this Vet Times Podcast. Emi has also written a Focus article for Own Times on this subject (Volume 52 Issue 30, Pages 6-8), entitled “Kennel … Read more

Blood gas analysis, pt 5: metabolic acidosis and alkalosis

Base excess (BE) and bicarbonate (HCO3-) represent the metabolic components of the acid base equation. In general, both components will change in the same direction. Decreased HCO3– and BE indicate either a primary metabolic acidosis or a metabolic compensation for a chronic respiratory alkalosis. Elevated HCO3– and BE indicate either a primary metabolic alkalosis or … Read more

Blood gas analysis, pt 4: respiratory acidosis and alkalosis

Assessing the respiratory component is simple. A quick glance at the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2) level can tell you whether a respiratory acidosis or alkalosis is present. If the PCO2 level is elevated (respiratory acidosis) then either a primary respiratory acidosis is present, or it is the result of a compensatory response to … Read more

Blood gas analysis, pt 3: interpreting pH

After taking note of the direction of the pH shift – acidemia or alkalemia – it is important to determine the primary and secondary causes. If an acidemia is present (pH less than 7.35), an underlying respiratory or metabolic acidosis, or both, must exist. Similarly, if an alkalemia is present (pH more than 7.45), an … Read more

Blood gas analysis, pt 7: evaluating oxygenation and ventilation

In patients with respiratory compromise, it is important to look at the respiratory components of the blood gas to determine both oxygenation ability and adequacy of ventilation. To assess oxygenation, the partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) to fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ratio, and alveolar-arterial gradient (Aa gradient) can be used. Conversely, the partial … Read more

sponsored Dechra launches ground-breaking strangles vaccine, Strangvac®

Dechra Veterinary Products has launched a ground-breaking new protein-based strangles vaccine for horses and ponies, Strangvac®. Strangvac® has been in development for more than 25 years and is the first and only intramuscular vaccine to help protect against strangles, which is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi. Strangvac contains recombinant proteins CCE, Eq85 and IdeE … Read more